August

Illuminated Qur’an Section - Part 30 from a Qur’an in thirty parts

Object: Illuminated Qur’an Section, Part 30 from a Qur’an in thirty parts

Manufacturer: Calligraphy and illumination by Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Abi Ibrahim

Materials: Ink, pigments and gold on paper

Place: Morocco

Date of Creation: 1063 AH (1653-1654 AD)

Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar Museums Authority, Doha, Qatar

EMu user since 2007

august_small.jpgThis Qur’an section is written in dark brown ink with diacritical marks and vocalisation in blue, red and gold. Important words and headings are picked out in gold. Verse markers are indicated with various illuminated symbols within the text  and on the sides of the page.

The last page contains a colophon in a panel framed by a knotted-motif border in gold. The colophon is in Naskh script and is written in gold lettering against a blue ground. At the bottom left side, the blue ground has worn away perhaps through use where the manuscript would have been held.

The script is Maghribi (named after the region of the Maghrib or North Africa), a later variation of Kufic script (early Islamic calligraphy script). The script probably developed in Islamic Spain in the late 11th Century and then spread to North Africa, eventually becoming the only script in the region used for writing Qur’ans and secular texts. It continues to be used today.

This particular manuscript is an excellent example of beautifully executed Maghribi script and is in excellent condition.

Photographer: Nicolas Ferrando