Photograph of Douglas Mawson and members of his team on board "Discovery" British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (1929-30, 1930-31), Second voyage, 1930-1931

South Australian Museum, Adelaide, Australia

EMu user since 2003

KE client since 1988

julySupported by the British Government loan of an expedition ship - originally Robert Scott's National Antarctic Expedition vessel - BANZARE operated during two southern summers in the Southern Ocean between South Africa and Australia. A broad scientific oceanographic program was carried out from the ship, as well as extensive territorial claims made.

BANZARE was the culmination of years of campaigning by the then fifty-year-old Professor Sir Douglas Mawson, and his iconic image from this group portrait was later incorporated into Australia’s first one hundred dollar note in acknowledgement of this great explorer scientist.

Mawson's polar interests grew from his geological work within South Australia, where he was both academic lecturer and honorary museum curator. Appointed physicist on Ernest Shackleton's British Antarctic Expedition, this apprenticeship served him well and he went on to command the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, which remains perhaps the most ambitious and predominantly scientific expedition ever to head south during what is generally described as the heroic era that ended WWI.